Posts by Ramnik Joseph Xavier, MD, PhD
Single-Cell Map of Crohn's Disease Provides New Directions for Drug Development
Ramnik J. Xavier, MD, PhD, Lingjia Kong, PhD, and colleagues have produced the largest single-cell resource for studying Crohn's disease. This atlas provides unprecedented detail about cellular and transcriptomic changes that are distinct between the small and large intestines.
Multi-omics Approach Detects Gut Microbiome–mediated Metabolism Effects on Immunity
Using a multi-omics approach to compare rural and urban Tanzanian populations, researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital identified 34 gut microbial factors and two metabolism pathways that modulate host immune responses.
Insight into How Human Cells Fight Bacteria—and How Bacteria Fight Back
Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital have identified SAC1, a transmembrane lipid phosphatase, as a key regulator of xenophagy-directed bacterial clearance and show that SteA, a Salmonella-secreted effector protein, supports intracellular replication.
Electronic Health Records Can Be Used to Validate Genetic Determinants of Treatment Response in IBD
For patients with inflammatory bowel disease, narrative text in electronic health records was successfully used to validate associations between genetic risk scores and response to tumor necrosis factor inhibitors—a potential boon to identifying biomarkers of response to different drug classes.
IBD Multiomics Database May Be Rich Source of New Treatment Targets
Gastroenterologists at Massachusetts General Hospital are part of the Integrative Human Microbiome Project, which recently cataloged numerous molecular features of the gut microbiome that are implicated in inflammatory bowel disease.
Identifying the Significance of Microbiome Diversity
The Center for the Study of IBD at Massachusetts General Hospital is leading research to understand how the microbiome influences health and disease.
Discovering the Role of C1orf106 in Patients with IBD
C1orf106 is a known susceptibility gene for inflammatory bowel disease, and now Massachusetts General researchers have identified its role: it "fine tunes" the integrity of the intestinal epithelial barrier.
- Elected Member, American Association of Physicians
- Senior Associate Member, Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard
- Principal Investigator, Center for Computational and Integrative Biology